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ČSN ISO 690



Basic rules for creating bibliographic citations according to the ČSN ISO 690 standard


  a. 

The bibliographic citation should clearly identify the cited document.

  b. 

We take the data for the bibliographic citation from the cited source (= from the document we have worked with). We cite a specific edition or version.

  c. 

Primarily, we take over the data from the title page (introductory screens, websites, labels on the disk, etc.), another source of information is stated in the following order: the back of title page, page header, cover, accompanying documentation (e.g. a leaflet, manual). If any information appears in the document in various forms, the form appearing in the prominent place is used.

  d. 

The order of the data is strictly determined by the standard.

  e. 

The bibliographic citation should be as accurate as possible. Mandatory data cannot be omitted if they are available in the document. We also recommend that you provide optional information if it is important to identify the cited document.

  f. 

If any data are missing, they are skipped and the next one follows. In some cases, the data can be traced in other sources or replaced by an alternative wording.

  g. 

If we take over any of the data from another source, we state it in square brackets. If we take over or guess multiple data in a row, we combine them into one bracket. Corrections are also placed in square brackets.


We do not know the place of publication (but we are able to find it):

We will write [Prague]: Computer Press, 2008.

The document states the year 1959 (obviously wrong). We will write 1959 [1995]


  h. 

The data are recorded in the language in which they are given in the cited document. In the language of the bibliographic citation only the following is stated: the physical description of the book (page range), notes and additions in round brackets and data from other sources in square brackets. The exception is Point I.


Prague: Grada, 2010.

KENNEDY, J. F.

  i. 

Any element that is not in Latin script is transliterated (e.g. Cyrillic) or transcribed (e.g. Chinese characters). A non-Latin font is converted into Latin, using conversion tables or applications.

  j. 

The form of bibliographic citations must be uniform throughout the document (uniform style, format, and punctuation).


Rules for creating a bibliography


  • If the author cites his/her other works (so-called self-citations), s/he places these works in the list of bibliographic citations before other sources, which are further arranged alphabetically.

  • Bibliographic citations of a single author's document precede bibliographic citations of works by multiple authors that begin with the same name.


    BĚLOHLÁVEK, František. 15 typů lidí: jak s nimi jednat, jak je vést a motivovat. Prague: Grada, 2010. ISBN 978-80-247-3001-1.

    BĚLOHLÁVEK, František, Pavol KOŠŤAN and Oldřich ŠULEŘ. Management. Olomouc: Rubico, 2001. ISBN 80-858-3945-8. c.

  • Multiple bibliographic citations of works by one author rank from the oldest document.


    BĚLOHLÁVEK, František. Jak řídit a vést lidi: testy, případové studie, styly řízení, motivace a hodnocení. 4th edition. Brno: CP Books, 2005. ISBN 978-80-247-3001-1.

    BĚLOHLÁVEK, František. 15 typů lidí: jak s nimi jednat, jak je vést a motivovat. Prague: Grada, 2010. ISBN 978-80-247-3001-1.

  • Bibliographic citations of works by multiple authors, beginning with the same name, are arranged chronologically.


    NOVÁK, Jan.

    NOVÁK, Jan et al.

    NOVÁK, Jan and Zdeněk

    NOVOTNÝ. … 2008 NOVÁK, Jan and Jaroslav ADAMEC. … 2010 e.


  • Corporations are arranged alphabetically according to the first semantic word of the corporation.


Ways of referencing within ČSN ISO 690

Name and date (so-called Harvard method)


The name of the author and the year of publication of the cited source are given in the text in the form (name, date, page). If the author's name occurs naturally in the text, the year of publication follows in parentheses, if not, then the name and year are given in parentheses. If two or more sources have the same author and year of publication, they are differentiated with lower case of an alphabet (Smith 1980a, p. 25).


The list of citations is arranged alphabetically by the authors' last names with the year of publication, which in this method is not stated after the publisher, but directly after the author after the comma.


Sample reference

At the intrapersonal level, communication research focuses on information processing (McQuail, 2002, p. 29). For example, Holá (2006) argues that communication can be characterized as a process of sharing certain information. However, what is said does not yet mean heard (Šuleř, 2009b, p. 75)


Sample bibliography

HOLÁ, Jana, 2006. Interní komunikace ve firmě. Brno: Computer Press. ISBN 80-251-1250-0.

McQUAIL, Denis, 2002. Úvod do teorie masové komunikace. 2nd edition. Prague: Portál. ISBN 80-7178- 714-0.

ŠULEŘ, Oldřich, 2009b. 100 klíčových manažerských technik: komunikování, vedení lidí, rozhodování a organizování. Brno: Computer Press. ISBN 978-80-251-2173-3.


Numerical references


By a number in parentheses, square brackets, or superscript, we refer to the cited sources in the text in the order in which they are first cited. They are cross-linked in a text editor. Subsequent references to the same cited source will receive the same number as the first. The location of the citation in the document is written in numbers. The bibliography is arranged by a numerical reference number.


Sample reference

At the intrapersonal level, communication research focuses on information processing15. For example, Holá25 argues that communication can be characterized as a process of sharing certain information. However, what is said does not yet mean heard 8 p. 7


Sample bibliography

8. ŠULEŘ, Oldřich. 100 klíčových manažerských technik: komunikování, vedení lidí, rozhodování a organizování. Brno: Computer Press, 2009. ISBN 978-80-251-2173-3.

15. McQUAIL, Denis. Úvod do teorie masové komunikace. 2nd edition. Prague: Portál, 2002 ISBN 80- 7178-714-0.

25. HOLÁ, Jana. Interní komunikace ve firmě. Brno: Computer Press, 2006. ISBN 80-251- 1250-0. 4.3


Continuous notes


By a number in parentheses, square brackets, or superscript, we refer to the cited sources in the text in the order in which they appear in the text. Each bibliographic citation of the same information source will receive a special number. Only one number is given (similarly to the Harvard system or a numerical form it’s not possible to give two references in a row), but more than one bibliographic citation can be given in one note.


The notes are listed in numerical order. They are numbered continuously throughout the document. A note that refers to the information source mentioned in the previous note should either repeat the full bibliographic reference or indicate the number of the earlier note with eventual page numbers. In the case of a more extensive work (master’s thesis, etc.), it is possible to provide an alphabetical list of all cited sources at the end of the document.


Sample reference

At the intrapersonal level, communication research focuses on information processing18. For example, Holá19 argues that communication can be characterized as a process of sharing certain information. However, what is said does not yet mean heard20.


Or


At the intrapersonal level, communication research focuses on information processing (18). For example, Holá (19) argues that communication can be characterized as a process of sharing certain information. However, what is said does not yet mean what heard (20).


Sample bibliography


2. McQUAIL, Denis. Úvod do teorie masové komunikace. 2nd edition. Prague: Portál, 2002 ISBN 80- 7178-714-0.

...

5. HOLÁ, Jana. Interní komunikace ve firmě. Brno: Computer Press, 2006. ISBN 80-251- 1250-0. 21

...

18. ŠULEŘ, Oldřich. 100 klíčových manažerských technik: komunikování, vedení lidí, rozhodování a organizování. Brno: Computer Press, 2009. ISBN 978-80-251-2173-3.

19. McQUAIL, Denis, ref. 2, p. 75

20. HOLÁ, Jana, ref. 5


Sample citations

Book - printed


Citation structure - mandatory elements are in bold

Creator’s name. Title: subtitle. Secondary title. Edition. Another creator. Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. Edition name and numbering. Standard identifier. Notes.


McQUAIL, Denis. Úvod do teorie masové komunikace. 1st edition. With a Czech preface by Jan Jirák. Prague: Portál, 1999. ISBN 80-7178-200-9.


FRANKLIN, Bob et al. Key Concepts in Journalism Studies. 1st ed. London: SAGE, 2005. ISBN 0-7619-4482-6


Book - electronic


The e-book is cited in the same way as the printed book. In addition, information on access to the digitized form of the book is provided with the wording “Also available from:” (e.g. URL address, CD storage location, etc.)


Creator’s name. Title: subtitle. Secondary title. Edition. Another creator. Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. Edition name and numbering. Standard identifier. Availability and access. Notes.


ČAPEK, Karel. Válka s mloky [online]. 20th edition. Prague: Československý spisovatel, 1981. Spisy, vol. 9. 276 p. [cit. 13.6.2011]. Available from: http://web2.mlp.cz/koweb/00/03/34/75/66/valka_s_mloky.pdf. Also available in html, rtf, txt, pdb, prc and epub.


Article in a printed book – for instance, chapter, article in an anthology


The article in the e-book is cited in the same way. In addition, information on access to the digitized form of the book is provided with the wording “Also available from:” (e.g. URL address, CD storage location, etc.)


Author of the chapter. Chapter title: sub-title. In. Author of the book. Book title: sub-title. Edition. Another creator of the book. (e.g. illustrator or translator, if relevant) Place of publication: Name of publisher, Year of publication. Numbering (e.g. volume number). The range of pages of the chapter. Title and edition number. ISBN. Additional information can be added at any convenient place.


ŠIMŠA, Jaromír. Důkazy beze slov. In: TROJÁNEK, A., J. NOVOTNÝ and D. HRUBÝ, eds. Matematika, fyzika a vzdělávání: sborník z XI. semináře o filozofických otázkách matematiky a fyziky. Velké Meziříčí: Komise pro vzdělávání učitelů matematiky a fyziky JČMF, 2004, pp. 64-78. ISBN 80-214- 2601-2.


DUDEK, Petr. Řízení zpravodajského systému ve skupině Unipetrol. In: INSOURCE 2008: konference o profesionálních informačních zdrojích, Prague 5–6 February 2008: sborník příspěvků konference [online]. Prague: Albertina icome Prague, 2008 [cit. 2011-04-27]. Available from: http://www.insource.cz/pdf/2008/dudek-petr2.pdf


Citing of periodicals - newspapers, journals


Name of the periodical. Secondary name [Media type]. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication, Numbering [Date of citation]. Standard identifier (ISSN). Availability and access. Location. Notes.

The type of medium, the date of citation and the availability are stated only for electronic periodicals.


Volume, number, and pages can be given in the following form:


2010, vol. 5, no. 8, p. 25-45.

or

2010, 5(8), 25-45.


Electronic periodical as a whole

Inflow: information journal [online journal]. 2008- [cit. 2010-08-06]. Available from: http://www.inflow.cz/. ISSN 1802-9736


Article in electronic periodical

SRBECKÁ, Gabriela. Rozvoj kompetencí studentů ve vzdělávání. Inflow: information journal [online]. 2010, vol. 3, no. 7 [cit. 2010-08-06]. ISSN 1802-9736. Available from: http://www.inflow.cz/ rozvoj-kompetenci-studentu-ve-vzdelavani


Article in a printed journal

GALLISTL, Vladan. První guvernér bez podpisu. Týden. 2010, no. 32, p. 59. ISSN 1210-9940.



Website


The name of the website creator. Website name. Website seat name: sub-title. Secondary title [Media type]. Another creator. Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication, Date of update/revision [Date of citation]. Standard identifier. Website availability and access. Location. Notes.


One page from the website


WESTCOM. O nás. Webnode.cz [online]. ©2008-2011 [cit. 2011-04-26]. Available from: http://www.webnode.cz/o-nas/


Citation of an article from an electronic conference


LESTER, Dan. Re: Can printing from a website be limited? In: Web4Lib Electronic Discussion: An electronic discussion for library-based World-Wide Web managers [online]. Berkeley: University of California Berkeley Library, Mon 14 Jun 1999 19:30:07 [cit. 2003-02-05].

Available also from: sunsite.berkeley.edu/Web4Lib/archive/9906/0233.html.


Post on Twitter/Facebook/YouTube


NEČAS, Petr. [Koaliční smlouva trvá…] In: Facebook [online]. 16 May 2011 21:07 [cit. 2011-05-26]. Available from: http://www.facebook.com/petr.necas.ods/posts/215712668447053


ESPOO. [Kdo by to byl rekl…] In: Twitter [online]. 15 May 2011 [cit. 2011-05-26]. Available from: http://twitter.com/#!/espoo/status/69865967194357760


(If the tweet contains a hashtag, it is given as the title.)


Steve Jobs and Steve Ballmer. In: Youtube [online]. 27.02.2007 [cit. 2011-05-25]. Available from: http://youtu.be/dR8SAFRBmcU. Channel of the user RobinZwama.


E-mail


Distinguish between personal communication and public communication available, for example, via e-mail correspondence. Personal communication cannot be verified by a third party, so use it only when really necessary. Personal communication is not specified by the 690 standard. The following method is recommended, for example:


Personal communication

VOPRŠÁLEK, Gustav. Prasátka jdou na svatbu [electronic mail]. Message to: e.citace@gmail.com. 21 February 2012 12:53 [cit. 2012-08-03]. Personal communication.


Public communication

MODEL, Josh. NCBI Blast Report – Expect(2). In: BIO-SOFTWARE/bionet.software [online]. Wed Mar 22 19:03:14 EST 2006 [cit. 2008-12-22]. Available from: bio-soft@net.bio.net. Also available from: http://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/bio-soft/2006-March/024540.html


Laws


The standard does not regulate the citation of laws, but it is recommended to cite them as a contribution in a periodical (the only exception is the location of the date), as the Collection of Laws is a specific serial publication.


Sample:


ČESKO. Zákon č. 111 ze dne 22. dubna 1998 o vysokých školách a o změně a doplnění dalších zákonů (zákon o vysokých školách). In: Sbírka zákonů České republiky. 1998, částka 39, s. 5388-5419. Dostupný z: http://aplikace.mvcr.cz/archiv2008/sbirka/1998/sb039-98.pdf. ISSN 1211-1244.


Bachelor’s and master’s theses


Citation of qualification theses is not regulated by the standard; they can be cited similarly to monographs.


Creator. Title. Secondary titles. Place of creation, year of creation. Range. Type of work. Name of the school. Thesis supervisor.


HUBENÝ, Petr. Analýza vlastností protiskluzových zařízení. Plzeň, 2010. Master’s thesis. Západočeská univerzita. Fakulta elektrotechnická. Katedra aplikované elektroniky a telekomunikací. Thesis supervisor Jiří DANZER.


Personal interview (unpublished)


The name of the person answering the questions should be mentioned in the citation in the first place – i.e. in the position of the first author. If the interview is conducted more in the form of a certain discussion or polemics, we would mention the interviewer immediately after the name of the interviewee.


NOVÁK, Jan and Andrea KUČEROVÁ. Vývoj koronaviru. Prague, 12.3.2020.


Data from the Czech Statistical Office


ČSÚ [Český statistický úřad]. Vývoj cen průmyslových výrobců (základní období – rok 2005) [online graph]. 16.12.2015 [cit. 2016-01-15]. Available: https://www.czso.cz/documents/10180/25818866/gipccr121615_1.xlsx/12dfa676-ee14-434f-b30f-40bb7463feae?version=1.0


Film


Title of the film [title in another language] [type of medium (film, DVD, CD, online)] year (presentation in the country of production) (harvard). Director Name and SURNAME. Country of production: publisher, year/date of publication (numerical reference, continuous notes). Notes (length of film, subject, etc.).


Jméno růže [Il nome della rosa; The Name of the Rose] [DVD]. Director Jean-Jacques ANNAU. Prague: Warner Bros, 2004. 131 min. According to the book of the same name by Umberto Eco.


Last change: December 2, 2021 20:06 
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